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History of the BC Transfer System

The following information has been prepared as a brief history of important events in the development of the post-secondary transfer system in BC over the last six decades. The bullets referring to this expansion of the BC Transfer System are listed in bold. Please note that the list of changes in the post-secondary system is not meant to be exhaustive and, therefore, does not necessarily include all openings, closings, mergers, and name changes of institutions in BC.

If you notice any errors in the information provided or know of an important event in the history of the transfer system that has been omitted, please contact BCCAT at info@bccat.ca.

This document is available as a printable PDF: The BC Transfer System: A Brief History.  In addition, an accompanying document is also available: A Bibliography of Resources.

For those who are interested in learning more about the history of the BC post-secondary system, and the development of the transfer system, the Knowledge Network produced a fascinating documentary some years ago:

Click here to see The Graduates: A History of Higher Education in BC

2000 to Present

2014

BCCAT and parallel Councils in Alberta, Ontario and New Brunswick sign memorandum of understanding to facilitate inter-and intra-provincial credit transfer in Canada

2012-14

BCCAT oversees provincial review of the associate degree and changes to curriculum requirements.

2012-2013

BCCAT Enabling of the BC Transfer System Initiative results in all member institutions becoming both senders and receivers of articulation requests. All guidebooks and policies are re-written to reflect this major shift in policy and practice.

2010

Robert Fleming is appointed Executive Director and Co-chair of BCCAT, replacing Frank Gelin who retires after 16 years in that position. 

2010

BCCAT undertakes the first comprehensive rewrite of the Principles and Guidelines for Transfer since 1976.

2010

The College of the Rockies is approved to offer its first degree. With this approval, 22 out of 25 public post-secondary institutions in BC are offering degrees.

2009

The Ministry of Advanced Education and Labour Market Development undertakes a Business Process Review of the BC Transfer System.

2009

Athabasca University is admitted by Council to the BC Transfer System under the new policy, making it the second out-of-province institution in the system.

2008-2009

Council approves a policy in December 2008 which allows Alberta post-secondary institutions to enter the BC Transfer System based on strong evidence of existing transfer activity and student traffic. The Alberta Council on Admissions and Transfer (ACAT) approves a similar policy allowing BC post-secondary institutions into the Alberta Transfer System in May 2009.

2008

BCCAT releases Best Practice Guide: A Resource for Receiving Institutions. BCCAT also releases the policy document Recording Block Transfers with PCTIA-Accredited Institutions. This policy allows private institutions that are non-degree granting institutions to be included in the block transfer section of the BC Transfer Guide.

2008

The University Act is amended to allow five institutions to be covered under the Act as “special purpose, teaching universities,” later to be called “teaching-intensive universities. The new universities include Kwantlen Polytechnic University (formerly Kwantlen University College), Vancouver Island University (formerly Malaspina University-College), the University of the Fraser Valley (formerly the University College of the Fraser Valley), Capilano University (formerly Capilano College), and the Emily Carr University of Art and Design (formerly Emily Carr Institute of Art and Design). With this move, there are 11 universities, 11 colleges, and 3 institutes in the BC public post-secondary system.

2007-2008

The University of Phoenix is approved by DQAB to offer specific degrees in BC and is subsequently approved to negotiate transfer agreements within the BC Transfer System. The University is removed from the Transfer Guide in 2008  after it announces its intention to move out of BC.

2007

The Institute of Indigenous Government is merged with the Nicola Valley Institute of Technology.

2007

Lansbridge University has its degree-granting consent removed by the Ministry of Advanced Education and is subsequently removed by BCCAT from the BC Transfer System

2006-2007

Fairleigh Dickinson University and Quest University are approved by DQAB to offer specific degrees in BC and are subsequently approved to negotiate transfer agreements within the BC Transfer System.

2006

Vancouver Central College (later Alexander College) is approved by the Degree Quality Assessment Board (DQAB) to offer an Associate Degree and is subsequently approved to negotiate transfer agreements within the BC Transfer System.

2005

The Student Transitions Project (STP) is formed as a partnership between the Ministries of Education and Advanced Education and public post-secondary institutions to link student data across education systems to answer questions on student mobility. BCCAT joined the STP in late 2005 because of intersection between its admissions work and the work of the STP.

2005

BCCAT releases improved version of web-based Transfer Credit Evaluation System and launches BCTransferGuide.ca as a stand alone website.

2005

Three private institutions (University Canada West, Sprott-Shaw Community College, and Lansbridge University) are approved to negotiate transfer agreements for specific degree programs and have those agreements listed in the BC Transfer Guide.

2005

Thompson Rivers University is formed through the amalgamation of the University College of the Cariboo and BC Open University.

Okanagan University College is split to become UBC Okanagan and Okanagan College.

2003

Subsequent to the passage of the Degree Authorization Act, colleges are given authority to grant applied baccalaureate degrees and university colleges are given authority to grant applied Master's degrees.

2003

BCCAT expands its role in the area of admissions by forming an Admissions Committee and undertaking a number of projects to help better understand student mobility, capacity, and demand.

2001

Corpus Christi College becomes the fourth private institution in the transfer system and is listed in the BC Transfer Guide.

2001

Development of a web-based Transfer Credit Evaluation System to further improve the speed and efficiency of administrative processes.

2000

Release by BCCAT of Block Transfer Handbook with revised principles and guidelines for block transfer.

2000

Revision of curriculum requirements for associate degrees and encouragement of the establishment of guaranteed transfer credit for all courses completed within an associate degree. By 2001, all traditional universities and all university colleges had formally approved such a guarantee.

 
1990's

1999

Initiation of Transfer Innovation Projects with Articulation Committees to improve transfer, recommend innovative approaches to transfer, and provide better information on transfer options.

1997

BCCAT leads system-wide examination of transfer policy and models to determine whether alternative approaches, such as block transfer, could replace or supplement course-to-course transfer.

  • Resulted in agreement that course-to-course transfer is a viable system but that improvements can be made by actively exploring alternative forms of transfer.

1996-2005

Implementation by BCCAT of a comprehensive research program to measure student mobility and transfer system effectiveness.

1996

Charting A New Course released by Ministry of Education, Skills and Training as a strategic plan for the college, university college, institute, and agency system:

  • Plan includes recommendation that course-by-course assessment for transfer be replaced by block transfer.

1995

  • Kwantlen College becomes a university college.

  • University colleges and two institutions (BCIT and Emily Carr Institute of Art and Design) given independent degree granting authority.

  • Technical University of BC announced.

  • Royal Roads University established.

1995

BCCAT develops and posts the first searchable, web-based BC Transfer Guide as an adjunct to the paper-based Guide.

1995

The College and Institute Act was amended in 1995 to create Education Councils which were given the authority, jointly with College Boards, to develop and implement policies pertaining to the granting of transfer credit.

1994

Langara College formed as a separate institution from Vancouver Community College.

1993

Yukon College becomes part of the BC transfer system and is listed in the BC Transfer Guide.

1992

BCCAT revises and updates the Principles and Guidelines for Transfer:

  • Guidelines not distributed for formal approval by each institution because changes were viewed to be minor and more of a housekeeping nature.

1992

BCCAT, in consultation with institutions, develops curriculum requirements for provincially recognized two-year academic credentials - the Associate of Arts degree and the Associate of Science degree.

1992

Trinity Western University becomes part of the BC transfer system as a private receiving institution and is listed in the BC Transfer Guide.

1991

Fraser Valley College becomes a university college.

The Institute of Indigenous Government is established in Vancouver.

Columbia College and Coquitlam College become the first private institutions to join formally the BC transfer system and are listed in the BC Transfer Guide. Both Columbia and Coquitlam Colleges had developed articulation agreements with BC universities for many years prior to being included in the Transfer Guide.

1990

The provincial government announces the establishment of the University of Northern British Columbia in Prince George.

1990

BCCAT publishes first single, annual BC Transfer Guide, thus replacing individual university Transfer Guides.

 
1980's

1989

Three colleges (Malaspina, Cariboo, and Okanagan) become university colleges to expand degree opportunities outside the Lower Mainland and Victoria.

Degrees are developed and offered under auspices of traditional BC universities.

University colleges become sending and receiving institutions.

1989

BC Council on Admissions and Transfer (BCCAT) created as a result of a recommendation in the Access for All Report.

  • Created to formalize and to provide more consistency and staff resources to the function of coordinating transfer in an increasingly differentiated system.

  • A formal agency but with no legislative authority.

  • Continued to coordinate Articulation Committees and transfer agreements among autonomous institutions using a facilitative approach.

  • Funded by provincial government.

  • Council membership made up of post-secondary institutional representatives but no government representatives.

1988

The Provincial Access Committee releases report entitled Access to Advanced Education and Job Training in British Columbia (the Access for All Report).

1988

The Open Learning Agency is formed through legislation by combining the Open Learning Institute and the Knowledge Network. The new agency includes the Open University and Open College and provides a credit bank function for students.

1987

University academic vice presidents form transfer credit subcommittee to develop a set of policies and procedures which had to be met by private colleges before their courses could be considered transferable to universities.

1983-1989

Post-Secondary Articulation Coordinating Committee continues to meet to oversee articulation and transfer and the work of an expanding number of Articulation Committees.

1983

Academic Council and two other intermediary councils abolished through College and Institute Amendment Act:

  • Councils abolished because of widespread criticism about their centralizing role at the expense of institutional autonomy, their confusion in mandate, and their lack of coordination among each other.

1983

Nicola Valley Institute of Technology created in Merritt to address low participation and success rates of First Nations students in other institutions.

1981

Kwantlen College formed as a separate institution from Douglas College.

 
1970's

1978

Creation by Act of five provincial institutes besides BCIT, which had existed previously (Justice Institute, Open Learning Institute, Emily Carr College of Art, Pacific Vocational Institute, and Pacific Marine Training Institute).

1977

Creation by Act of the Academic Council:

  • One of three intermediary councils created to coordinate activities across colleges and institutes.

  • Academic Council given responsibility for articulation and transfer.

  • Post-Secondary Articulation Coordinating Committee continued its work as an agent of the Academic Council.

1977

Colleges and Provincial Institutes Act passed:

  • Perceived by institutions as an attempt by government to play more of a central coordinating role in development of a college system.

  • Government assumed responsibility for 100% of both capital and operating costs at colleges.

1976

Post-Secondary Articulation Coordinating Committee develops first set of Principles and Guidelines for Transfer:

  • Adopted by all college councils and university senates.

1975

Four new community colleges established by government in areas of the province not yet served by colleges (Northern Lights, Northwest, East Kootenay, and North Island), based on a recommendation in the 1974 report of the Task Force on the Community College in British Columbia.

1974

The Post-Secondary Articulation Coordinating Committee is formed:

  • Role of overseeing transfer and articulation in BC.
  • Membership included senior academic officer from each public college and university and registrar from each university.

1974

Academic Board is dissolved by government.

1971

Provincial government melds regional community colleges with provincial vocational institutes.

 
1960's

1968

In December at a conference sponsored by the Academic Board, decision made to develop the first standing committees (which became Articulation Committees) to deal with transfer problems in specific disciplines:

  • An understanding that if educators did not solve perceived problems on their own, government may intervene.

  • Subsequently, each university published its own Transfer Guide which listed equivalent college and university courses and could be used by students in planning their education.

1968

In November, 180 students occupy the Administration Offices at SFU to protest lack of transfer opportunities for Vancouver City College students who had enrolled in 1st and 2nd year university transfer courses. The protestors were removed by the RCMP after 54 hours.

1966

First research studies initiated under auspices of the Academic Board on transfer student performance.

1966

First transfer students from VCC and Selkirk accepted at university through informal agreements.

1965-1975

Nine more community colleges formed across BC based on local support through plebiscites (Selkirk, Okanagan, Capilano, College of New Caledonia, Malaspina, Douglas, Cariboo, Camosun, and Fraser Valley).

1965

Vancouver City College (VCC) becomes first autonomous community college in BC, formed by bringing together Vancouver Vocational Institute (1949), Vancouver School of Art (1925), and King Edward Continuing Education Centre (1962).

1965

Simon Fraser University (SFU) opens as a full university in Burnaby rather than as a four-year college, as was recommended in the Macdonald report.

1964

First technology students enrol at the British Columbia Institute of Technology (BCIT) created at same Burnaby site as the BC Vocational School.

1963

University of Victoria (formerly Victoria College) becomes a full university and is given degree-granting status. Macdonald had recommended a four-year college.

1963

Academic Board of Higher Education of BC created through amendments to the Universities Act, following recommendation from Macdonald report:

  • Key roles were advising on development of new colleges and ensuring colleges were adhering to consistent academic standards.

  • Board assumed a leadership role in formalizing the transfer process.

  • Membership included university representatives but no college representatives.

  • Board developed a facilitative and collaborative rather than an authoritative relationship with colleges.

1963

Public Schools Act amended allowing establishment of autonomous colleges under school board control:

  • Colleges to be formed following local plebiscites and referenda.

  • Institutions to offer two years of Arts and Science programming as part of their program base.

  • Students to be able to transfer credit to universities.

  • Beginning of need for cooperation and coordination among institutions to ensure program quality because of autonomy of new institutions offering degree level programming.

1962

Release of the report Higher Education in British Columbia and a Plan for the Future by John B. Macdonald, President of UBC. Recommendations included:

  • Creation of two-year colleges which offer a range of programs, including academic programs at the 1st and 2nd year level and technical programs.

  • Colleges to be autonomous and self-governing and not part of a unified provincial system.

  • Colleges to be under school board control, supported in part by local taxation and designed to meet local needs.

  • Creation of two four-year colleges in Victoria and the Lower Mainland.

1960

BC Vocational School opens in Burnaby under direct management of the provincial government. The Nanaimo Vocational School had been providing vocational education since 1936.

 

For information prior to 1960, please refer to the PDF version.